Yeast Infection In Men (A Complete Guide)
May 04, 2023
Although yeast infections are typically associated with women, they can also affect men. The word "yeast infection" typically refers to a vaginal infection brought on by the yeast Candida albicans, while it can also apply to less frequently occurring Candida species including C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, and C. krusei.
But candidiasis, or yeast infections, can impact different parts of the body. Examples include thrush, also known as oral candidiasis, which is a yeast infection of the mouth, and cutaneous candidiasis, a skin illness caused by a yeast that typically affects the groyne and armpits. Candidal balanitis, often known as balanitis thrush, is a yeast infection of the penis. The term "balanitis" describes an infection of the glans penis, or the head of the penis. The most prevalent infectious agent to affect the glans penis is Candida.
Prevalence Of Penile Yeast Infection: Candidal Balanitis
Streptococci, staphylococci, the human papillomavirus, the Herpes simplex virus, and Mycoplasma genitalium are among other pathogenic agents that can cause balanitis. The prevalence of candida balanitis in men is unknown, despite the fact that it is assumed to be a rare ailment, because the condition has not been thoroughly examined. Numerous Candida species, most notably C. albicans, can live in the digestive tract and other warm regions of the body without harming people; they only become a problem when they are present in large numbers. The majority of women about 20% have Candida in their vagina but show no signs of a yeast infection. According to research, between 16 and 26 percent of males have the yeast, which is frequently detected on the penis. According to a study, about 37% of men with Candida have no symptoms, while 27% of them get balanitis.
What Causes Penile Yeast Infection or Candidal Balanitis
Penile yeast infections, in contrast to vaginal yeast infections, are typically contracted through sexual activity, specifically when a male engages in intercourse with a person who is infected. However, because candidal balanitis can infect men without having sex, it is not regarded as a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Men are more likely to develop a penile yeast infection for reasons, such as:
- Antibiotics, which eradicate the "good" bacteria that control the growth of Candida.
- HIV, one of the diseases that impair the immune system.
- An anti-inflammatory medicine known as corticosteroids
Additionally, men with uncircumcised penises are more likely to develop Candida yeast infection than men with circumcised penises. Yeast growth is encouraged by the warm, moist environment beneath the foreskin. According to one study, having diabetes mellitus and being over 40 years old were both substantially linked to yeast infection. Additionally, men over 60 were more likely than younger men to have Candida colonization. Yeast infection might also develop as a result of poor hygiene. Using soaps and shower gels with strong fragrances might irritate skin and perhaps encourage yeast infection growth.
Symptoms of Penile Yeast Infection
Common symptoms of a yeast infection include:
- Itching and burning in the head of the penis, which worsens after having an intercourse. Inflammation and swelling
- Papules, which resemble little rashes and may contain pus
- Discomfort when urinating or having sex
Diabetes in men can cause more severe symptoms such as fluid retention, penile ulcers, and foreskin fissures.
How to Treat Penile Yeast Infection
Topical lotions and ointments with antifungal properties are usually enough to treat infections. A yeast infection treatment regimen may include the following antifungal creams:
- Imidazole - Canesten, Selezen
You won't need a prescription for the majority of these because they are sold as over-the-counter (OTC) medicines. Prescription could be necessary for infections that are more severe or persistent.
Alternatively, fluconazole (Diflucan), an oral azole drug works well for more serious yeast infections.
Make sure to follow up with your doctor if the topical or oral treatments are ineffective because you might have a different type of balanitis or an infection caused by a species of Candida that is resistant to azole antifungals.
Frequently Asked Questions:
How Long Does a Yeast Infection Last?
Most typical yeast infections will go away in a week or so if you receive therapy for the appropriate type of infection and the appropriate medicine. While some minor yeast infections may resolve on their own, most infections require medication to resolve.
What is the Fastest way to get rid of a Yeast Infection?
The quickest and most effective way to treat a yeast infection is to see a doctor if you think you might have one. A prescribed fluconazole, an oral medication that may take one week to completely eradicate the infection.